Video Explains How Small Formula 1 Engines Can Make 1,000 Horsepower

A 1,000-horsepower engine will not appear that remarkable anymore. You can acquire a production auto that puts out that total with an electrical or gasoline-run motor. Chrysler’s Direct Connection will provide you a crate engine with 1,000 horsepower. But to make that quantity employing a 1.6-liter engine? That still seems like witchcraft.  

Leave it to Jason Fenske to demystify these smaller powerplants on his Engineering Defined YouTube channel. In accordance to Fenske, it can be all many thanks to the blend of an incredibly superior-revving 1.6-liter turbocharged V6 engine paired with two electric powered motors. 

The origins of the recent technology of engines date again to 2014 when the FIA, Formulation 1’s governing body, made the specs for the motor. Section of these technical specs included the utilization of turbocharging, paired with two electrical motors and a battery to retail outlet strength. But unlike a Toyota Prius hybrid, made for gasoline performance, the hybrid set up in an F1 vehicle is employed for added electricity. 

A person electrical motor is utilised to control the turbos in place of a wastegate and for regenerative braking. The electricity captured from individuals capabilities is stored in a battery which is utilized to electrical power a 2nd motor connected to the crankshaft. Put together, this system is known as the ERS or Vitality Restoration System, which adds an supplemental 160 horsepower and can be used in small bursts for accelerating or overtaking a different car. 

On its possess, the inside-combustion motor generates 830 horsepower, which is an unbelievable sum for these kinds of a little engine. Equally incredible is the gas effectiveness of these powerplants. For security, F1 autos are not authorized to refuel in the course of a race, this means they must carry sufficient gas to past for about 250 miles. F1 laws also restrict the automobiles to 110 kilograms of gasoline, or the equivalent of 36.7 gallons.  

To obtain the required power and efficiency, F1 engines realize a peak thermal efficiency earlier mentioned 50 %, considerably higher than a modern passenger car’s 35 % thermal effectiveness. Accomplishing that involves a blend of pre-chamber ignition and a superior 18 to 1 compression ratio. There are various tricks motor constructors can use for each pre-chamber ignition and to get the bigger compression ratio which are proprietary and part of the top secret sauce that tends to make up a present day F1 motor.